Calling all Computer Science majors: jobs are waiting for you

When he was 14 years old, Lawrence Birnbaum taught himself how to program, but he had trouble even finding a computer to work on. Still, he knew computers were going to be the future. That was in the late 1960s. When Birnbaum — today a computer science professor at Northwestern — was in college, there were relatively few computer science majors, and his professors had graduated from schools of math or electrical engineering. The field was still new. Fast forward to now. New computer science graduates often have their pick of opportunities as recruiters struggle to fill positions in the industry. The big question is: Why? Are too few students majoring in fields with the best employment and growth potential? First of all, it’s clear that computer science is a good career bet. According to a new study by CareerCast.com, jobs in computer science for roles like data scientists and software engineers show the best growth potential in the next seven years. Healthcare is another big area for career growth, the study found. Statistics from rjmetrics.com show were about 11,400 and 19,400 data scientists worldwide in 2015, 52% of of whom earned that position in the last six years. On LinkedIn this month, there were 8,916 open positions for data scientists, 72,800 open positions for software engineers and 74,900 open positions for physical therapists. Just last June, two computing organizations published an open letter announcing there were 500,000 open computer positions in every sector such as manufacturing or banking — but only 50,000 computer science graduates a year. And according to Computer Science Zone, there will be 1 million more computing jobs than employees to fill them in the next 10 years.

“I think the demand is because there is so much that can be done right now. This is a field which has been in a revolutionary state almost since its inception,” Birnbaum said.

So, where are all the computer science majors to fill those jobs? They’re there — they just haven’t graduated yet. “It takes a while to get people through the pipeline,” said Birnbaum, who in addition to his teaching duties is a co-founder of a tech company, Narrative Science. “Once people decide they want to do this, it still is going to take a while to have the supply catch up. We’re getting there, and it is going to continue to improve.” In 2016, 16,870 students graduated with a major in computer science and 26,200 students graduated in computer information systems, according to College Factual. And across the country, computer programs are growing: Introductory classes at Northwestern have increased from 40 students to over 400, and the university plans to increase the number of faculty members by 20 in the next five years. At the University of Washington, according to GeekWire.com, Microsoft, Amazon, Zillow and other companies recently Google made donations to fund a $90 million engineering and computer science building. At U.C. Berkeley, one of the top ranked universities for computer science majors, the number of undergraduates in the electrical engineering and computer science program has increased from 1,133 students to 2,546. Computer science majors increased by 95% from 2011 to 2015, according to Fortune.

Related: The top 10 colleges for a computer science degree

“Every university in the country has seen a tremendous explosion of student demand for computer science,” Birnbaum said. John Scholz, a professor at University of Wisconsin-Madison, said there could be other reasons that some openings are tough to fill, such as starting salaries. “I don’t really ascribe that there is a growth mismatch between the skills that students are graduating with and the needs of the labor market,” Scholz told USA TODAY College. “These are markets. Take computer scientists, there is a market. If there is a scarcity, the demand exceeds the supply. Computer scientists wages adjust, and the market clears.” Jobs in the tech and health care industry are in demand right now because the industries are growing and expanding, confirmed Vicki Salemi, a career expert for Monster. Many job candidates can and do receive multiple job offers, and it is up to companies to offer competitive packages as well as incentives for employees to stay, she said. “There are hard-to-fill jobs. There is a labor shortage,” Salemi told USA TODAY College. “The demand to hire data scientists and software engineers and healthcare is particularly high right now. There is not enough qualified people to fill them, which is good for people who are really qualified. They’ll probably get multiple job offers.” (source)

Computer Science Draws Undergrads With Disabilities 

Students with disabilities are as likely as typically developing students to enter science and engineering fields in college, according to new data from the National Science Foundation. The finding is part of the NSF’s annual study of students from traditionally underrepresented groups—including women, minorities, and students with disabilities—in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics fields.

New federal data show that students with disabilities accounted for 1 in 10 undergraduate college students in the United States in 2012. They were more likely than other students to attend a two-year institution.

As of 2012, the most recent year for data, about 2.4 million of the 21.8 million students pursuing an undergraduate degree reported having a disability. That’s 11 percent, roughly on par with the 12 percent of K-12 students with a disability in U.S. schools. Those with disabilities were significantly older than undergraduates without disabilities; 36 percent were older than 30, compared with only 24 percent of those without disabilities. They were also slightly more likely than students without a disability to attend two-year rather than four-year colleges. The data show students with disabilities were as likely as other students to enroll in science fields; they were a little more likely to study computer science and slightly less likely to pursue engineering or life sciences than their nondisabled peers. Students with disabilities were also equally likely to get financial aid for college. However, students with disabilities were less likely to enroll in graduate school, often needed for top science careers, the data show. In 2012, only 7 percent of graduate students reported having a disability. And once out of college, students with disabilities who do go into science and engineering fields are as likely as their nondisabled peers to work in industry or government jobs. (source)

Melinda Gates is doubling down on women in tech

 

Melinda Gates wants to put her muscle behind getting more women in tech.

Gates has focused much of her work on the well-being of women and girls around the globe — but this issue hits particularly close to home. Gates, a computer science graduate, joined Microsoft in 1987. She eventually married its founder Bill Gates, and the two launched the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation in 2000. Gates is now creating a “personal office” devoted to bringing more women into tech, according to an interview with Jessi Hempel at BackChannel. It’s early in the process, and Gates is still figuring out the best way to get involved. She said she’s currently in “learning mode,” and looking at everything from education to venture capital funding for women. One thing is evident: Gates said data will play a big role in approaching the issue. Gates cited the fact that just 18% of women are earning computer science undergrad degrees in the U.S. That has fallen significantly from the 1980s, when women received 38% of the degrees. “Every company needs technology, and yet we’re graduating fewer women technologists. That is not good for society. We have to change it,” she said.

Related: Carnegie Mellon’s School of Computer Science nears gender parity 

She added that her office looked into the number of patents received by female inventors. “Four decades ago, 3% of all patents listed at least one woman inventor. As of 2010, nearly 19% of patents did,” she said. While that shows a clear improvement, she said her team’s projections didn’t see parity until 2092. In recent years, companies like Google (GOOG), Facebook (FB, Tech30), Apple (AAPL, Tech30),Microsoft (MSFT, Tech30) have released annual reports on workforce diversity in a bid to be more transparent. But there’s been very little progress. Microsoft’s 2015 report showed that its percentage of female employees actually declined from 29% to 26.8%. It cited massive layoffs as the reason. The transparency is, however, a start. And Gates notes that there hasn’t been a lot of research or money devoted to the issue previously. “In the tech space, men don’t really see a problem and a lot of the money is held by men,” she said.

Related: Melinda Gates: ‘Poverty is sexist’

It’s not difficult to understand why tech products and services would benefit from a more inclusive workforce. In an interview with CNN’s Poppy Harlow last week, Gates also stressed the importance of diversity. “We know that more diverse teams put out a better product,” she said. This goes for people of color as well, which Gates also noted in her interview with Hempel. Gates cited Apple’s health app as an example of a product that has a “blatant error.” It didn’t include period tracking. Gates stressed that she was “not picking on Apple at all,” but “it’s just an example of all the things we can leave out for women.” Read the original article here